Religion & Ancient Classics

This page contains the following sections:

  1. Classical civilisation;
  2. Christianity, the Bible and literature;
  3. Judaism;
  4. Islam.

See also the links in Media Files.


1. CLASSICAL CIVILISATION

Ulysses (2nd cent BC)

The most readily available Classical texts can be found in the Oxford World’s Classics and Penguin Classics series. The volumes in the Loeb Classical Library include the Greek or Latin text and a facing English translation.

France, Peter. The Oxford Guide to Literature in Translation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.  A good place to begin if you want to find the best editions of works translated into English.

Grafton, Anthony, et al. The Classical Tradition. Cambridge MA: Belknap Press, 2010. An encyclopedia with over 500 articles on the legacy of Greece and Rome.

Hard, Robin, and Herbert Jennings Rose, eds. The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology. London: Routledge, 2004.

Rivers, Isabel. Classical and Christian Ideas in English Renaissance Poetry. 2nd  ed. London: Routledge, 1994. Ebook. An excellent book on topics that students often need help with.

Databases

Loeb Classical Library. Greek and Latin texts with facing English translations.

New Pauly Online. Advanced Classical encyclopedia.

Oxford Reference. The Classics section contains The Concise Oxford Companion to Classical Literature and the more technical Oxford Classical Dictionary (OCD).

*Perseus Digital Library. Classical texts in translation.


2. CHRISTIANITY, THE BIBLE & LITERATURE

Crain, Jeanie C. Reading the Bible as Literature: An Introduction. London: Polity, 2010. A very straightforward book and a good place to begin.

Hass, Andrew, et al., eds. Oxford Handbook of English Literature and Theology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Helmer, Christine et al. eds. Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception Online. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter, 2014. Ebook. As its title suggests, it deals with the Bible in itself, but it also deals with its later reception.

Jeffrey, David Lyle, ed. A Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English Literature. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1992.  An excellent reference work which lists people and episodes from the bible and where they turn up in the history of English literature.

Lemon, Rebecca. The Blackwell Companion to the Bible in English Literature. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.  Deals with the influence of the bible on literature from the middle ages to the twentieth century. Most of the modern sections are arranged author by author.

Rivers, Isabel. Classical and Christian Ideas in English Renaissance Poetry. 2nd  ed. London: Routledge, 1994. Ebook. An excellent book on topics that students often need help with.

Databases

*Bible Gateway. The Bible in many languages and versions.

Raphael, The Fall

*Biblical Art on the Web.

*The Catholic Encyclopedia (1917). This is very useful for pre-twentieth century information on European Christianity. Note that it is out of date about modern aspects of Catholicism and, as its name suggests, the text has an explicit religious bias.

Oxford Handbooks Online: Includes handbooks on apocalyptic literature, atheism, religion and the arts, Luther and the reception history of the Bible.

Oxford Reference. The Religion section contains:

  • A Dictionary of Popes;
  • A Dictionary of the Bible (brief entries for quick reference);
  • The Oxford Companion to the Bible (more detailed);
  • The Oxford Dictionary of Saints;
  • The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation.

3. JUDAISM

Berenbaum, Michael, and Fred Skolnik, eds. Encyclopaedia Judaica. 2nd ed. 22 vols. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007 in Gale Virtual Reference Library.

Oxford Handbooks Online: Includes handbooks onJewish studies and Holocaust studies.

Oxford Reference. The Religion section contains A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion and The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion


4. ISLAM

Encyclopedia of Islam (editions 1-3) in Brill Online.

Martin, Richard C., ed. Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004 in Gale Virtual Reference Library.

McAuliffe, Jane Dammen, ed. Encyclopaedia of the Qur’an. 6 vols. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2006 in Gale Virtual Reference Library.

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam in Oxford Reference (for readers with little or no knowledge of the topic).

Oxford Handbooks Online: Includes volumes on Islamic theology and modern Islam and culture.


 

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